City of Nevada - ETJ/City Limits
The City of Nevada city limits is in green/yellow.
- City Limits - Dark green/yellow
- ETJ (Extraterritorial Jurisdiction) - Light green/yellow
What is the extraterritorial jurisdiction and why was it created?
The extraterritorial jurisdiction (ETJ) is an “unincorporated area that is contiguous to the corporate boundaries” of a city. TEX. LOC. GOV’T CODE § 42.021. The ETJ, a concept created by the Texas Legislature in 1963, is said to be established in order “to promote and protect the general health, safety, and welfare of persons residing in and adjacent to” cities, a sort of buffer zone outside of a city’s corporate limits. Id.§ 42.001. Despite this, cities have been granted relatively little authority to address health and safety issues in the ETJ. Thus, some argue that the real purpose of the ETJ is to limit the geographic area in which a city may annex.
How much territory is encompassed in a city’s ETJ?
The extent of ETJ is generally dependent on the number of city inhabitants. With some exceptions, state law provides that:
(City of Nevada) • in a city with fewer than 5,000 inhabitants, the ETJ is within one-half mile of the corporate boundaries;
• in a city with 5,000 to 24,999 inhabitants, the ETJ is within one mile of the corporate boundaries;
• in a city with 25,000 to 49,999 inhabitants, the ETJ is within two miles of the corporate boundaries;
• in a city with 50,000 to 99,999 inhabitants, the ETJ is within 3-1/2 miles of the corporate boundaries; and
• in a city with 100,000 or more inhabitants, the ETJ is within 5 miles of the corporate boundaries.